Who Was Adam Weishaupt?
An Interesting History of the Illuminati, by Albert Pike.
Slightly updated, 01 May 2002 c.e.
Excerpts from “A HISTORICAL INQUIRY IN REGARD TO THE GRAND CONSTITUTIONS OF 1786,” by Albert Pike, 1883. (No publication data in our copy, therefore no copyright, and our copy has hand corrections in either Pike’s or Mackey’s handwriting.)
THIS DOCUMENT was originally written by Pike to demonstrate the unimpeachable authenticity of the Constitutions of 1786, signed by Frederick the Great, King of Prussia. This was due to the competition that existed between the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite (AASR) and the Cerneau Rite. The Cerneauists claim that the Patents granted to Stephen Morin were bogus, while the AASR held that the Patents granted to Cerneau were bogus. There is some reason to hold that both sides of the argument were equally in the right, and equally in the wrong. At any rate, our reason for including the following material has less to do with the story of the Cerneauists versus the AASR. We are including a rather interesting narrative penned by Albert Pike concerning the history of the Order of the Illuminati, containing material that is generally not available.
Most of what is usually available is written to depict Adam Weishaupt as an evil genius, scheming to take over the world. The present material being offered paints quite a different picture. It shows that a check against the Jesuits was a necessary thing, then as well as now.
From the time of Ramsay’s Oration, described elsewhere at this site, the Catholic Church had been excommunicating Freemasons, and had been instrumental in infiltrating Lodges with the sole object of neutralizing them.
While Weishaupt’s plans were similar, at least in practice — at least in intention they were for the benefit of the Order as a whole. Unfortunately, when Zwack’s papers were discovered, the whole thing was let out of the bag, as it were, and a new strategy was required. The general story is that from the breakup of the original Order, it went into the Tugendbund, and then into a long string of “Friends” and “Literary” Societies, up to and including those which were responsible for the propagation of the Communism of Marx and Engels. There is some reason to hold that other branches of the original Order perpetuated themselves in the various branches of the R+C Order. These included the later versions of the Gold Rosicrucians, namely, the Order of Perfect Initiates of Asia, or the Asiatic Brethren, the Order of Saint Joachim (St. Jonathan), the various Orders of Light, and these would also eventually come to include their 19th Century survivors. Some have said that there is no historical continuity between the original Order of the Illuminati and the revived Orders created by Theodor Reuss and by Leopold Engel. Maybe, but we can see that there is some reason to hold that such a continuity existed in Europe, and, perhaps, too, in America.
Who was Adam Weishaupt? A Revolutionary, certainly. A Natural Philospher, like Rousseau, Jefferson, and Franklin. A Mystic? Perhaps not. However, the influence he had on modern society is one which cannot be easily dismissed. Unfortunately, the people usually writing about him are from the camp of the enemy, always finding dark conspiracies, wherever any honest Bearer of Light and Liberty has come up against the Church. We hope to expand on the biography of this interesting character and the influence he had, in future installments.
It is worth noticing, too, on 01 May, in 1776 e.v., we get the foundation of the Bavarian Illuminati. Ten years later, we get the (alleged) Constitutions of 1786, signed and ratified by Frederic the Great. Both characters are covered in the following extracts by Albert Pike.
We would appreciate any information that would tend to validate our slagheaps of conjecture.
— Count Buttolph von Krappsky, Eques a Ordinateur.
More on Adam Weishaupt.
Since this introduct0ry page was first written two years ago, we have come across some rather interesting material. We can lay aside the old wives’ tales about Adam Weishaupt being the big bogey-man of Europe of the late 18th Century. He was simply carrying out orders given to him by his superior(s) in the Loge Theodore du Bon Conseil at Munich. His immediate superior was the Most Worshipful of the Lodge, Ferdinand von Baader. This man, and his relative, Franz Xaver von Baader (with whom the former is often confused), were both steeped in mystical philosophy, particularly Kabbalah and Martinisest / Martinist teachings. Furthermore, it is possible that the latter Baader was inspired by the work of Kleuker, who may have been taught by Ferdinand v. Baader. Franz Xaver von Baader would have an influence upon another important individual, Franz Joseph Molitor, one of the Asiatic Brethren.
Another area of influence upon the life and thought of Weishaupt, according to an article that was handed to us last year (2001 c.e.) is that of the Frankist / Shabbetean tradition. We can see where some similarities exist, particularly the concept of religious dissimulation. It is said by the author of the article that Weishaupt and his family even were secret Frankists. Maybe, but we don’t possess any documentation on the subject.
Finally, we see that Moses Dobruschka was possibly affiliated with the Illuminati, possibly after he assisted in the establishment of the Initiated Brethren of Asia. A gig with the Illuminati would have paved the way for his future and final career move as a Jacobin propagandist.